The International Baccalaureate is a pre-university educational program with its own evaluation system aimed at students between 16 and 19 years. It does not belong to any state or government and is currently recognised by a vast majority of countries and universities around the world.
Created in 1968, the Diploma Programme (DP) International Baccalaureate® (IB) was the first program offered by the IB. In May 2015, 2,795 schools were teaching DP in 143 countries around the world.
Origin of DP
The DP was created to give students a balanced education, to facilitate geographic and cultural mobility and to promote international understanding. It was the work of several professors of the International School of Geneva, in collaboration with other international schools. Since then, innovative and dedicated teachers and examiners around the world have played an important role in the development of the Program.
The curriculum of the DP consists of six subject groups and three core components:
- Theory of Knowledge (TOK)
- Creativity, Action, Service (CAS)
- Extended Essay
Thanks to these core components, students reflect on the nature of knowledge, conduct independent research and work on a project that often involves community service activities.
Assessment and the Grading System
The IB assesses students’ work as direct evidence of their level of achievement with regard to the goals set for the Diploma Programme coursework. Each subject has different assessment criteria; some are carried out by the school teachers, and others are external. This entails a very rigorous objectivity and balance, and ensures that the system is fully trusted by all universities. The Diploma is virtually recognized world-wide.
The final evaluation of each subject combines coursework (20-30%) and final exams in May of the second year.
Each subject is worth 0 -7 points, the criteria are based on the student’s work and not on the comparison of these. This is the nomenclature: